This blog post was written for people who believe that ethnopluralism is nothing but a racist’s linguistic feint to sound more intellectual, less unethical. In truth, rather than being racist, ethnopluralists are proponents of ethnical self-defense.
- ethnicity = a people’s common ancestry, culture, language, society, homeland, and history1
- racism = the normative statement that one ethnicity—typically one’s own—is biologically, culturally, or spiritually superior to other ethnicities
- ethnopluralism = the normative idea that every ethnicity has the international right to be different from other ethnicities, that is, to stay relatively homogenous, to not be invaded, to not be colonialized2
Ethnopluralism values global ethnic diversity as a moral or aesthetic good. It is not racist because it does not claim the superiority of one ethnicity over another.
1. Institutional Racism
If a people is granted the right to stay ethnically different, it will build and maintain institutions that benefit coethnics. These institutions will discriminate against other ethnic groups, leading to the systemic oppression of ethnic minorities in a nation-state. Institutional racism is a power structure that produces ethically relevant consequences regardless of normative judgments.
The solution to this problem is cultural assimilation. To curb institutional racism, immigrants must be refused the right to remain ethnically different. They must adopt the culture, values, and language of the host society.
Cultural assimilation is an imperfect solution, of course, because individuals cannot assimilate genetically.3 Yet ethnic homogeneity is never pure anyway. It already gets ‘soiled’, even beyond biology, when people speak foreign languages, study foreign religions, adopt foreign customs, date foreigners, and so forth.
Still, the factual lack of ethnic purity does not justify the popular corollary that ethnicity is an obsolete phenomenon that must be overcome altogether. In most nations on earth, ethnicity still matters, and the universalist dream of ‘uniting humanity’ by destroying global ethnic diversity is a dangerous utopianist ideology, unless it represents a people’s democratic will to ethnosuicide.
Furthermore, since large groups of people cannot assimilate, cultural assimilation requires strict limitation of immigration. Mass immigration amplifies the problem of institutional racism, which makes the institutions ethically unjustifiable and forces them to change. Changing oppressive institutions is the multiculturalist approach to immigration called ‘integration’. This, however, undermines the nation’s ethnic identity and thus violates ethnopluralism.
2. Favoritism & Xenophobia
Even though ethnopluralists do not morally judge other ethnic groups, they are usually emotionally biased towards their own ethnicity. They favor their own coethnics and want others to favor theirs, which is enough for some people to label them ‘racist’.
To put this problem into perspective, let us consider an analogy. Having built a lovely family, you are a proud father of two children. Naturally, your own children are more important to you than someone else’s children, and you can favor your children without claiming that they are substantially superior to others.
Now, imagine you meet a stranger in a tavern and he tells you, “I’m also a proud father of two children, but I love yours just as much as mine. They’re all equally important to me. I’m equally passionate about them all.” You would probably assume that there is something wrong with this guy. A father should be emotionally biased towards his own children. If he is not, we must doubt his mental health.4
The father who loves all children equally is like a multiculturalist who loves all ethnicities equally. But why do we need impartial love that benefits everyone with equally strong (or weak) passion? We do not have a pejorative label for a man with an emotional bias towards his children; we call him loving. Likewise, we should not use ‘racist’ as a pejorative label for a man with an emotional bias towards his ethnicity; we should call him loyal.
In-group love is not inherently bad. But it turns bad when it feeds on out-group hate. This is the problem of xenophobia.
Albeit politically useful for ethnopluralists, xenophobia is negative on a personal level. I recommend that we individuate strangers and judge them by their individual merits and character in order to overcome our instinctive negative feelings towards them. Who wants to be a disgruntled asshole all the time,
fearing resenting everybody who reminds him of his culture’s decay? Immigrants are not responsible, so do not fume at them. Many aliens are lovely people. Be angry at the real problem: myopic immigration policies.
Nowadays, more and more native Europeans, especially those living in urban areas, wonder whether they even have an ethnicity. They are taught that race is a myth, and with profound collective guilt in their souls, they ask, “What is culture?”
They grow up as ethnic orphans—alienated from their ethnic identity, uprooted from their culture, void of a sense of genetic belonging. Like an orphan who does not know what it is like to have a family, modern Europeans do not know what it is like to have an ethnicity. They lack a strong positive emotional bias towards an ethnic group, like an orphan lacking a strong positive emotional bias towards a pair of adults.
Today, such estrangement is marketed as ‘moral progress’ towards universal equality, towards an ethnically neutralized mass of atomic individuals. Yet a lack of ethnic belonging is not moral progress. It is almost as unfortunate as the fate of a child who has to grow up without parents, and we should not let ethnomasochists tell us otherwise.
- Guillaume Faye on Anti-Racism
- On the Ethics of Ethnopluralism
- Tribalism and Human Nature
- Why Ethnicity Matters: An Ethical Case for Ethnic Nationalism
- Note that ethnicity involves both nature (genes) and nurture (culture). This is critical because the political right tends to overemphasize biology (‘race realism’), whereas the left tends to overemphasize sociology (‘social constructionism’). In reality, both aspects constitute ethnicity.
- This definition conceptualizes ethnopluralism from a global perspective. On a national level, ethnopluralism would lead to apartheid, i.e., the segregation of ethnic groups within a country.
- The larger the genetic distance between immigrants and natives, the greater the problem for assimilation. From a biological perspective, preferring genetically similar immigrants reduces the loss of ethnic genetic interests.
- Maybe he is spiritually enlightened, but that is rather unlikely.