The True Will is the chief principle of decision making. A man doing his True Will acts in a way that maximizes eudaimonia. So what matters are the outcomes of his actions, its consequences for well-being. Does this make his intentions, his state of mind, irrelevant?
Imagine a man punching another man in the face in an act of self-defense that we assume maximizes eudaimonia. Does it matter whether the man threw his punches out of reactive anger and ill intent or out of mindcoolness?
It does. The reason is that a man’s intentions (good vs. bad), state of mind (cool vs. hot), and emotionality (proactive vs. reactive) shape his character through affective conditioning. Hence, these inner factors become inseparable from the outcomes of future actions, which are partly determined by character.
In the context of a single action, a well-intending, calm, proactive man may act in the same way as an ill-intending, heated, reactive man and produce the same outcome. Yet over a lifetime of actions, the two men will reinforce different character traits, develop different vices and virtues, and accordingly experience different levels of eudaimonia. This broader perspective shows that the distinction between intentions and outcomes is a moral illusion.
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